McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act

The face of homelessness is a child: A child who may have moved three times in a year, may be living with a family or in a shelter, and may have changed schools numerous times. A child in this situation does not worry about learning or homework, but about where to sleep or where to get something to eat.


The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is helping children and families with enrollment, transportation, and school meals. The Bryant School District is trying to make a difference by assisting children and families with clothing, school supplies, and connecting them to resources in the community.


Causes of homelessness:

·              Lack of affordable housing

·              Deep poverty

·              Health problems

·              Domestic violence

·              Natural and other disasters

·              Abuse/neglect (unaccompanied youth)


Barriers to education for homeless children and youth:

·              Enrollment requirements (school records, immunizations, proof of residence, and guardianship)

·              High mobility resulting in lack of school stability and education continuity

·              Lack of access to programs

·              Lack of transportation

·              Lack of school supplies, clothing, etc.

·              Poor health, fatigue, hunger


Who are homeless children and youth?


Individuals who lack a fixed, adequate, and regular nighttime residence such as those: 

·              Living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings

·              Living in hotels, motels, or trailer parks or campgrounds due to lack of affordable housing

·              Awaiting foster care placement

·              Children abandoned in hospitals

·              Sleeping in public or private places not designed as a regular sleeping accommodations for humans

·              Living with others due to lack of permanent housing as a result of economic hardship

·              Living in emergency or transitional shelters

·              Unaccompanied Youth

·              Migratory children living in the above situations